|Features:||Municipal housing. Monolith concrete frame, brick and precast concrete facing|
|Author:||Manuel Nunez Yanowsky, Taller de Arquitectura|
|Date and phase:||Project and construction 1964-1967|
The winning project of the competition for construction and reconstruction of "Gaudi" residential district in Reus, Spain, by architects Manuel Nunez Yanowsky, J.A.Goytisolo, E. Bofill, R.Bfill, X. Bague-Bofill, A. Nadal, within Taller de Arquitectura, intended to accommodate migrants from the South of Spain.
The project was supposed to be located on the site of 10 hectares and include social housing in amount of 2,000 apartments, as well as commercial and consumer services.
The first stage was built in 1966-68 (residential complex of 302 apartments) and the second stage in 1970-72 (residential complex of 198 apartments). The client was the Ministry of Construction of Spain and the Ministry of Housing.
The Gaudi district in Reus is designed in a manner familiar to people living in historic traditional settlements of southern Spain, based on urban fabric created from blocked individual houses. In contrary to rational northern European tendency in urban planning, which is based on strict meridional and latitudinal orientation of residential blocks, the urban fabric of Gaudi district project develops in three dimensions, following the tradition of historical Spanish cities.
The project envisages the urban concept of the multiple opportunities of modular proliferations in the scale of a quarter, district and city.
Vehicular traffic and parking are set around the perimeter of the quarter, while the inner yard space, as well as roofs and terraces are left for pedestrians. The residential block is formed on the basis of three types of apartments in combination with each other around the closed courtyards. The ground floors of the buildings are occupied by social services - shopping malls, markets, boutiques, restaurants, bars.
The architecture of the buildings reflects the traditional technique of brick-built housing, with bright color accents on the cement parts of the staircase fencing and pedestrian galleries for orientation of residents in the three-dimensional fabric of the complex.